Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 74
  • Bengkulu
  • Kaur
  • District-based MPA Kaur
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 50,308.39
  • VI
  • 103003' - 103034' LS
  • 04055’ - 04059' BT
  • Administratively, District Kaur is located directly adjacent to the Province of Lampung, South-East with South Sumatra Province, South-West with the Indian Ocean.

  • images/FotoKawasan/KKLD Kaur.jpg
  • Kaur District is one of the most Southern districts in the Province of Bengkulu, which was previously part of South Bengkulu. The legal basis the establishment was Linau, Merpas, and Sekunyit as a Regional Marine Protected Area (KKLD) of District Kaur, is a Regent Decree No. 180 of 2007 (SK Bupati Kaur No. 180 tahun 2007) issued on June 20, 2007.

  • Kaur Regency Marine Protected Area is located at the geographical position of 103°03’- 103°34’ S and 04°55’- 04°59’ E, with a total area of approximately 50,308 hectares. Administratively, District Kaur is located directly adjacent to the Province of Lampung, South-East with South Sumatra Province, South-West with the Indian Ocean.

  • Kaur County Conservation Area located on the West coast of Kaur County. To get there from Jakarta using aircraft could be accessed Fatmawati Soekarno airport in Bengkulu Province. Then proceed by car to the city of Bintuhan (the capital of Kaur) about 250 km from the city of Bengkulu. The Protected Area can be reached through the West Sumatra Highway (Jalan Lintas Barat Sumatra) that passes through Bintuhan, Kaur District.

  • Type of seaweed found in the waters of Simeulue area red algae such as Eucheuma spinosum, Glacilaria sp, Gelidium sp (Chlorophyceae), and algae such as Sargassum sp dan Turbinaria sp.
    The types of coral are found between the other Porites lobata, Favia sp, Goniastrea sp, Leptoria phrgia, Leptastrea teransversa, encrusing species: Porites lichen, Montipora verrucosa and several branched corals:Acropora formosa, Pocillopora damicornis. Selain itu terdapat hard coral berupa CME (karang api jenis Mellipora sp), ACB Acropora bercabang (acropora formosa), CF Coral foliose (Montipora foliosa).
    The different ornamental fish species found in these waters are
    (based on groups): Acanthuridae (Acanthurus glaucopareius, Acanthurus leusternon, Acanthurus lineatus, Acanthurus nigrofuscus, Paracanthurus hephatus), Antennaridae (Histrio histrio), Apogonidae (Apogon cyanasoma, Sphaeramia nematoptera), Balastidae (Balistoides conspicillum, Balistapus undulates, Rhinecanthus aculeatus, Rhinecanthus verrucosus), Ephippidae (Platax pinnatus, Platax teira), Holocentridae (Myrispitis sp, Sargocentron diadema), Labridae (Anampses caesuleopunctatus, Anampses meleagrides, Bodianus mesothorax , Bodianus mesothorax, Cheilinus chlorourus, Choris gaimardi, Gomphosus varius, Halichoeres chloropterus, Halichoeres hortulanus), Pomacanthidae (Apolemichthys trimaculatus, Centropyge bicolor, Centropyge eibli, Centropyge tibicin, Euxiphipops xanthometapon, Pomachantus anularis, Pomachantus imperator, Pomachantus semicirculatus), Pomacentridae (Dascyllus aruanus, Dascyllus melanurus, Neopomacentrus nemurus), Serranidae (Cromileptes altivelis).

  • The number of natives in Kaur Regency is hard to identify, because data collected has never been according to classification of tribes. However, the community is structured on at least two indigenous tribes, namely Serawai tribe, which include Kaur, Luas and Nasal clan; and Semendo/Pasemah tribe with clan Sahung and Padang Guci that are part of a large ethnic in South Sumatra Province. Serawai tribe mostly live in regions of Central and Kaur Selatan, while Semendo/Pasemah tribe lives in Kaur Utara and a small part in the Kaur Tengah (Muara Sahung).
    The Javanese, Batak, Minang, and Lampung ethnicity are newcomer in this area. Most of the Javanese has transmigrates to this area, including residents that are still under the transmigration program or others who are permanent residents. Most of the Batak and Minang residents are spontaneous migrants, and mostly they arrive due to trade. Similarly, the Lampung tribe migrating to Kaur Regency are mostly migrants that initially came to find work and eventually settled in Kaur.
    Fisheries are a sub sector of agriculture in Kaur. In the agricultural sector, Kaur produces food crop, such as green bean, cassava, and a lot of sweet potatoes. While in the plantation sector, commodities produced include palm oil, rubber, and ginger. In the fishery sector, the main products are tuna and lobster.

  • Existing fishery resources in Kaur, were mainly fishermen who inherit their ability to sail from their ancestors, as a result the knowledge of fishing technology, processing and marketing in general are very basic. The general economic activity of fishermen here are aimed more to cover their day-to-day family needs, them to seek opportunities to increase their productivity in fish catching.
    Available fishing fleet in year 2006 is about 612 units that includes 248 boats without motor, 363 units of the outboard, a unit of motorboats. Thus, fleets used by small fishermen dominate fishing fleets in Kaur. Meanwhile, in the same year the number of fishermen in the region reaches 1,615 individual.

  • The largest production in Kaur Regency is from sea fish catchments in 2003 amounted to 18,324 tonnes, 14 times the 2002 production which was only 1,228.31 tons. The increasing amount of production is due to the development of the fishing fleet in the region.
    The potential of marine fishery in Kaur is dominated by large pelagic fish, including skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus Pelamis), yellowfin (Thunnus albacares), mackerel Scomberomorus sp), tuna (Euthynnus sp), shark (Isurus glaucus), stripped marlin (M.nitsukuri), blue marlin (M.mazara), swordfish (Xiphias gladius), black marlin (Makaira indica), sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus), and albacore (Thunnus alalunga).
    Meanwhile, inland water production is determined by the nine major rivers, which empties into the sea and flowed throughout the year, also from water irrigation of about 6,099 hectares, and 94,955 hectares of existing still water pond. The cultivation of commodities that can be developed in the Regency Kaur, namely eel, empurau fish, tilapia, black carp, catfish, prawns, catfish, grass carf.

  • Water conservation approach in setting Linau, Merpas, and Sekunyit as the Regional Marine Protected Area (KKLD) Kaur is based on diverse marine biota associated with the existence of coral reefs. In addition, the establishment of the Protected are is due to the damage coral reefs and marine life.

  • Some of the tourist attractions listed in the Kaur Regency include Laguna Ujung Lancang, Nasal District; Way Hawang beach in Waihayang village, Maje district; beaches and Port of Linau, Maje District; Sekuiyit Village Beach, Kaur Selatan district and Hili beach in Semidang Gumay District.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan



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