Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 73
  • Kepulauan Riau
  • Natuna
  • District-based MPA Natuna
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 142,997.00
  • VI
  • 108001'10" - 108010'15" LU
  • 3047'00" - 4006'00" BT
  • Administratively, this conservation area is located in the District of
    North Bunguran, District Timur, and Tiga Island of Natuna.

  • images/FotoKawasan/KKLD Natuna.jpg
  • Natuna Islands has an abundant and diversified marine and fishery resources. This is mostly due to the fact that it consists of islands, where there are 272 small islands that can be utilized for various purposes.
    The legal basis for the establishment of Marine Conservation Area (KKLD) Natuna is Natuna Head of Regency Decree No. 299 Year 2007 (SK Bupati Natuna No. 378 Tahun 2008), issued on September 5, 2007, and was then updated to Natuna Head of Regency Decree No. 378 Year 2008.

  • Geographically, the conservation area is located between 108°01’10”- 108°10’15” North Latitude and 3°47’00”- 4°06’00” East Longitude, and has a total area of approximately 142,997 hectares. While administratively, this conservation area is located in the District of North Bunguran, District Timur, and Tiga Island of Natuna.

  • To reach the capital island of Natuna Islands, it can be reached through Bunguran aircraft from Batam. While public transportation around the island territory are mostly ships or boats.

  • Natuna Islands are a tropical climate has a temperature in a year ranged from 23°C - 31°C, while the average rainfall in 2005 was 137.6 mm/year, with the lowest rainfall in January amounted to 1.0 mm/year and the highest rainfall amounted to 436.6 mm/year. While the average air humidity of 83.17% in the range 77% -90%.

  • Temperatures in this conservation area ranges from 29.54-30.02°C, salinity ranged from 30-32 ppt, pH from 7.76 to 8.26, with the brightness level between 50-10 m.

  • The growing mangrove ecosystem is relatively thin in the direction of the island toward the mainland, and has only grown 500 m to follow the local flow, especially in the strait and in the regions with river flow. Sapling densities has an average of 1,500 stems/ha with a height of 5 m, while the density of trees reaching 200 stems/ha with a height of up to 11 m. The dominant mangrove species is the type of Rhizopora sp, and there are 18 other vegetation types, namely: Xylocarpus granatum, R. apiculata, R. mucronata, R. stilosa, Bruguira parvifora, B. gymnorrhiza, Lumnitzera littorea, L. racemosa, L. Littora,Ceriops tagal, Sonneratia alba, Derris trifolta, Hibiscus tiliacus, Exacaecaria agallacha, Flagellaria indica, Thespesia populnea, Nypa fruticans, Pandanus tectorius.
    Based on field observations, the general condition of coral reefs on Bunguran Island are in bad condition, where only about 24% of type polyp-polyp corals that are alive, such as submissive Acropoa, foliose, and a bit of soft coral. As for the type of dominant reef fish found among Acanthuridae, Holocentridae, Labridae, Lutjanidae, Scolopsidae, Siganidae, Chaetodontidae, Apogontidae, Caesionidae, Pomaconthidae, Pomacentridae, Scaridae, and Serranidae.
    Other biota in this area, includes molluscs such as Tridacna sp, Lambis sp, Trochus niloticus, Littorina sp, Cerithium sp, Cheritidae sp, Terebralia sp, Crassostrea sp, Neria sp, and Ostera sp; crustaceans such as crayfish (Penaues sp) and several species of crabs (Uca sp); Echinodermata such as sea cucumbers (Holothuridea), starfish (Asteriodea), sea urchins (Echinodea), and marine wax (Crinoidea). While the species found in seagrass habitats are Enhalus sp, Cymodocea sp, Halodule sp, and Syringodium sp.
    Several species of protected fauna found in this location are dolphin (Dholpinia sp), monitor lizard (Varanus sp), several species of sea turtles, sea eagles (Haliaetus sp), and mangrove snakes.

  • Based on the distribution of conservation areas, there are four groups of areas, namely: Regions I, which includes Kelarik Village, Utara Village and Kelarik Utara and Kelarik Barat Village, has a population of 3,699 people in 2006 and 97.97% are Muslims. Region II which includes Kelanga Village, Pengadah Village, Sepempang Village, and Tanjung Village, has a population of 4,092 inhabitants and 98.14% are Muslims. Region III, which includes Cemaga Village, has a population of 2,370 inhabitants and 99.91% are Muslims. Region IV which includes Mawang Sabang Village, Pulau Tiga Village and Sedadap Village, has a population of 4,297 inhabitants and 99.04% are Muslims. The dominancing Muslim population is a reflection of the large population of ethnic Malays as the indigenous communities in Natuna Islands. While orther residents non-Muslim are mostly Chinese immigrants and descendants.
    Meanwhile, the largest revenue contributors by sector in the Natuna
    Islands are agriculture, livestock, forestry and marine reaches 831,871.24 billion rupiah (BPS, 2005). The culture and customs that grow in the community is the culture and customs of Malays, with thick religious values of Islam. In other words, the Melayu and Islam culture here are interchangeable due to the inter-ethnic mixture that highlights mutually beneficial relationship, both in the economic field (cooperation), social (occurring amalgamate), acculturation of religious and cultural life.

  • The occupation in Bunguran Island is mostly farmers and fishermen, however there are some ranchers and traders. For fishing activity, there are about 4,793 boats, consists of 3,676 diesel motorboats, boats without motors 1,208, and 89 outboard motor boats.

  • In 2004, the volume of captured fish is about 98,119.6 tons, which the West Bunguran is the highest supplier, amounting to 27,383.9 tons. The fishery commodities in this district, among others are: napoleon fish, grouper, mackerel, snapper, kurisi (gold band snapper), sardines, anchovies, lobsters, squid, and crabs. But the main commodity that became the mainstay is napoleon, grouper, mackerel and lobster. While the number of aquaculture production in 2005 is still low, i.e. 303.45 tonnes.

  • Conservation approach in establishing the Natuna Islands as a Regional Marine Protected Area is based on the continuing threat, which is characterized by the degrading environmental quality due to destructive fishing gear, the use of anaesthesia, the use of bombs, the use of mini-trawl, and trawl bracelet.

  • Natuna Marine Protected Area has an interesting attraction, the beach area with beautiful scenery in the coastal areas of Sepempang (Bunguran Timur) to Tanjung Village in Bunguran Timur Laut. While there are also several diving sites, namely Bunguran Utara, Bunga Island, Tanjung Buton and Panjang Island, especially considering the 70% coral coverage in the area.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

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