Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 68
  • Kepulauan Riau
  • Bintan
  • District-based MPA Bintan
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 472,905.00
  • VI
  • 106021’00” – 107059’00” LU
  • 0050’00”- 1021’00" BT
  • images/FotoKawasan/KKLDBintan.jpg
  • Tambelan District is the farthest region in Bintan Regency. This area is a group of islands located in the middle of the Natuna Sea and is bordered by South China Sea. Tambelan has the potential quite high coral diversity, but vulnerable the use of explosive by fishing activities in the areas.
    The legal basis for the establishment of Marine Protected Area in Bintan is Bintan Regent Decree No. 261/VIII/2007 (SK Bupati Bintan No. 261/VIII/2007) issued on August 23, 2007. The Marine Protected Area is as large as 479,905 Hectares prioritized to support sustainable fishery practices and marine ecotourism.

  • Tambelan District which are a group of islands located in the geographical position 106°21’00”- 107°59’00” North Latitute and 0°50’00”- 1°21’00” East Longitude, has a total area of approximately 356,905.00 Hectares. This area is directly adjacent to the South China Sea on the North and South, while in the Eest it is bordered by the Bintan Timur District, and Eastern borders with West Kalimantan Province.

  • The capital of the District is the village of Tambelan Kukup. While there are five villages in the district of Tambelan, it is close together so that the travel time from the farthest village to the capital district is only around 15 minutes though land, and the sea route could take visitors to Pinang Island village and Mentebung Island village.

  • Tambelan Islands has a tropical climate with an average temperature of 29°C - 30°C, where the minimum temperature is 28.9°C and maximum temperature is 30.26°C. Because it is located in the South China Sea and Java Sea, the influence of the sea plays a big role in life. In addition, because this region is around the equator, Tambelan Islands is affected by the equatorial wind.

  • The current in Tambelan Islands is strongly influenced by the topography of the Island, with the current direction of the shape of the island into North and South with a speed between 500-1,000 mm/sec. Surface temperature ranged from 9.16- 30.26°C with an average temperature of 29°C (CRITC-LIPI, 2006). While the average salinity of the waters surrounding the island is about 33.06 ppm, with pH ranging from 8.17 to 8.45.

  • Mangrove ecosystems can be found in almost all parts of Tambelan with mangrove forest area approximately 3,544.8 km2 with thickness ranging from 5 meters - 500 meters. Mangrove ecosystem species that can be found in these forest are is Rhizopora mucronata, Bruguiera gymnorhiza, Soneratia alba, Rhizopora stylosa, Xylocarpus mluccensis, Rhizopora apiculata, Lumnitzera littorea, Heritiera litoralis, Ceriops tagal, and Excoecaria agallocha.
    Cluster of coral reefs in the Islands are fringing reefs and submerged reef (gosong) with the average ranging 31,261.8 km2. Based on observations, there are 181 species of stony corals belonging to 18 species. Meanwhile, live coral cover ranges from 10%-90% with an average of 47.39% so that the live coral reef area is estimated to reach
    14,815 km2.
    Reef fish species found in these waters, among others: Pomacentrus moluccensis, Lutjanus decussates, Amblyglyphidodon curacao, Chaetodon octofaciatus, Paraglyphidodon nigrosis, Abudefduf sexfaciatus, Thalassoma lunare. In addition, mega benthos is also found, namely Acanthaster planci, Diadema setosum, and clams.

  • Total population of Tambelan District in 2006 was 4,514 people or 1,258 household, which are concentrated in seven villages, namely Kampung Kukup village, Kampung Hilir, Kampung Melayu, Batu Lepuk, Teluk Sekuni, Pinang Island, and Mentebung Island.
    In Tambelan, facilities and infrastructure are available such as educational facilities, health facilities, land and sea transportation infrastructure, communication facilities, economic facilities, source of lighting, and security facilities.
    Folk art in Tambelan District consists of martial arts pencak silat and japin dance. While some traditional events are still fresh including powder run ceremony in weddings, Maulid of the Prophet Muhammad, and Besaman a ritual to cast away disaster from the community.
    Tambelan people are almost 90% Muslim, with the ethnic composition of mostly Malays, Chinese, Javanese, Bugis, Buton, Flores, and Batak. The majority of the residents come from Malays ethnicity, so that the cultural orientation are more colored by the religious values of Islam.

  • Based on Bappeda Bintan data from year 2007, Tambelan livelihoods is dominated by fishing activities that equals 83.67% of the economic activity. While second place is 7.14% as farmers, 5.1% fishery workers, 2.04% farm workers, 1.02% construction workers, and other professions 1.01%.
    For fishing activities, the number of fishermen in the year 2007 reached 773 people with fishing gear that include: fishing rods, trolling line, seine, bubu fish traps, and nets. However, the type of fishing in Tambelan District is categorized as traditional fishing industry. Although the fishing gear used are mostly traditional fishing gear, but the catchments are mostly for export. In 2005, total production amounted to 16,907.44 tons of marine fish production, valued at 23,655,543.00 rupiah (BPS Kabupaten Bintan, 2006).
    For aquaculture activities, the community in Tambelan develops cultivation/fish farming of tiger grouper through the floating net cage.

  • Fishing activities conducted in Tambelan District and in the surrounding waters catches reef fish and small pelagic fish, such as black pomfret, yellow tail, red snapper, grouper, mayok, rays, trevally, tengiri, and white tuna.

  • Conservation approach is established in Tambelan Islands as a Regional Marine Protected Area, this is based on the potential for high diversity of coral reefs, but faced with the threat of explosive from other fishing areas.

  • Lagoi Beach, located in North Bintan has beautiful natural scenery and clean environment. Visitors can swim, bathe and dive in the tourism area. Tourism area developed in Lagoi is Lagoi Exclusive Integrated Tourism Zone, Sebong Pereh Beach, and the Sebong Pereh Village that offers marine ecotourism.
    Bintan Island is not only famous for its Lagoi beach, but other tourist area ranging from nature tourism, ecotourism, cultural tourism and historical tourism. Alternative tourism exist, such as rafting in Tanjung Berakit Beach, Trikora Beach and Nelayan Kawal Village, the beaches in Kecil Island around Bintan Island, Bintan Leisure Park, and also Mount Bintan waterfall, Mount Bintan Cave, and Bekas Galian Bauksit Alam Tirta Lake in Bintan Bay District.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

________________________________________________________________

 

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