Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 65
  • Kepulauan Riau
  • Lingga
  • District-based MPA Senayang Lingga
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 0.00
  • VI
  • 103041'03,37" - 105017'04,15" LU
  • 0030'07,21" - 3052'28,41" BT
  • images/FotoKawasan/Senayang-Lingga1.jpg
  • Lingga is the youngest district in Riau Islands Province after separated from the Riau Islands since May 2004. The central is Daik but better known as “Negeri Segantang Lada”. This region consists of three major islands, which are often referred to as Selingsing, an abbreviation of Senayang, Linga and Singkep.
    Lingga has coral coverage that is almost evenly distributed in each island with an estimated total stretch of approximately 15,178 hectares. Therefore, 85% of the people in Linga Island and Senayang Island depends their livelihood on coral reefs either directly or indirectly. For that, sustainable ecosystem management is much needed.
    Because of its great purpose, Linga Island and Senayang Island is still under the administrative of the Riau Archipelago District designated as a Regional Marine Protected Area through Head of Regency Decree No. 71/III/2002 (SK Bupati Kepulauan Riau No. 71/III/2002) about Establishment of Coral Reef Management Area.

  • Geographically, Senayang and Lingga is located between the 103°41’03.37”- 105°17’04.15” North Latitude and 0°30’07.21”- 3°52’28.41” East Longitude. While administratively, the district borders with District of Galang, Batam and the South China Sea in the North; the East by the South China Sea; the South of the Sea and the Strait of Bangka and Berhala Stait; and to the West Indragiri Sea.

  • It is not difficult to visit the Lingga because sea transport is quite adequate, where many private shipping companies operate public ferries. Sailing by ferry from Tanjung Pinang Port in Bintan Island to Singkep Island only takes three hours. Next, to go to Diak the capital of the area, people would need to switch ships and add another onehour boat trip.

  • The local season influences Senayang and Lingga, namely North season, South season, East season and West season. North season is the most influential climate to both on the environment and human life. The climate is generally wet with annual precipitation averaging about 2,214 mm with a total of 110 rainy days. The lowest temperature is about 22°C to 32°C, and the highest air humidity is 85%.

  • Waters around the area of Lingga and Senayang generally have a relatively shallow depth of around 40 m with sandy mud and rocky base. Salinity of the waters in this region is between 28%-35%. The speed of tidal currents and the difference is not as high as in the Malacca Straits. Waters in this area is influenced by water masses coming from the South China Sea and Java Sea.

  • Mangrove species found in this area, is dominantly lead by Rhizophora apiculata, Sonneratia alba, Avicennia marina, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Aegiceras corniculatum, and Pempis acidula. In the mangrove forest, exist a variety of fauna such as monkeys, crocodiles, mangroves snakes, and various birds.
    In the waters of this area, a high diversity of coral species is found, especially of the genus Acropora. Coral species found are coral submassive, Acropora tabulate, Acropora branching, Acropora digitata, and coral mushroom.
    Fish species that are found in these waters include mackerel, tuna, coral trout, grouper, sharks, trevally, and others. Ornamental fish, which is a favorite for export, is the fish yellow tail (Caesio sp).
    Dolphins and dugongs are mammals that can still be found around the Riau Islands. The presence of these species is considered an exciting thing because it can become entertainment and daily spectacle. Dolphins in this area are of bottlenose dolphin (Bottle-nose Dolphin). Other biota that often found are clams, octopus, squid and sea horses.

  • Total population in 2001 in five villages of District Senayang is 3,454 people, and in two villages of Lingga are 1,917 inhabitants. The economic activities in this regency are largely supported by fisheries, which contribute 46% of the economic activity. Therefore, the traditional shipping industry (pompong) is also growing quite well. Craftsmen have used semi-modern equipment with technology that is taught from generation to generation.
    Several ethnic groups live in this area, namely Malays, Chinese, Flores, Buton, Minang, and the Bugis. The largest ethnicity is Malays, with a strong Islamic believe.

  • The resident of Lingga Island generally work in farming, especially plantations, like rubber, coconut, pepper, clove, coffee, chocolate, and sago. While residents of Senayang Island, the majority worked as a fisherman. Unlike the Island of Lingga and Senayang, Singkep Island resident work as black gold miners when the rubber can no longer be explore or sea shipping is difficult.

  • A fairly high fishery potential can be seen from the identifying of types of fish caught by fishermen, like: mackerel, coral trout, grouper, trevally, and others. Other fishing activities are cultivation, which is done as a side activity. The aquaculture activities are fish farming (karamba) and seaweed farming.
    Fish farming here are more likely farming catchments, which are not yet the desired catch. Types of fish that are excellent fish farming include coral trout, parrot fish (ketarap), and clown fish (gelam).
    There are several species of ornamental fish found in the Riau Islands which are major export commodities that could boost the local economy, namely Caesio sp, Caranx sp, Ephinephelus sp, Amphiprion sp. These types of ornamental fish are very popular among fishermen, but for Caesio sp is the favorite for export.

  • Conservation approach in the declaring a conservation area is due to the fact that the area provides almost evenly coral coverage on each island with an estimated total stretch of approximately 15,178 hectares. The extent of coral reefs coverage is significant in supporting the life of many economically important species of marine life.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

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