Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 52
  • Sumatera Barat
  • Pariaman
  • District-based MPA Pulau Ujung, Pulau Tangah dan Pulau Angso
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 11,525.89
  • VI
  • 100005'58"– 100006'66" LS
  • 0034'21" – 0039'54" BT
  • Mangrove forest in Pariaman is 18 hectares, spread in the gulf area of 1.0 hectares and 0.5 hectares in Pauh, 3.5 hectares in Ampalu, 6 hectares in Apar, and 7 hectares in Anguang, with 80% level of forest damage. Inland and coastal vegetation contained in Serdang Bedagai generally dominated by coconut trees (Cocus nucifera), Rhizophora spp, shrubs, and hibiscus sea.

  • images/FotoKawasan/pulau ujung.jpg
  • Pariaman is a part of the greater Padang Pariaman administrative area in accordance with Law No. 12 Year in 2002. Pariaman is a very strategic area in the future because six small islands, namely Kasiek Island, Angso Island, Tangah Island, Ujung Island, Bando Island and Gosong Sibarat Island, support it.
    The legal basis for the establishment of Marine Protected Area (KKLD) in Pariaman, is the Mayor Decree No. 337/ KEP/WAKO-2006 (SK Walikota Pariaman No. 337/KEP WAKO-2006) about Kasiak Island as a Conservation Area for Turtle and a Marine Ecotourism Area, and Mayor Decree No. 338/KEP/WAKO-2006 (SK Mayor Pariaman No. 338/KEP/WAKO-2006) on Declaration of Ujung Island, Tangah Island and Angso Island as Coral Reef Conservation Areas and Marine Ecotourism Area.

  • Administratively, Ujung Island, Tangah Island, Angso Island and Kasiak Island as Marine Protected Area (KKLD) are located in Pariaman, West Sumatra Province. While geographically, Ujung Island, Tangah Island, Angso Island and Kasiak Island is located at the geographical position 100005’58‘- 100006’66’ South Latitude and 0034’21‘- 0039’54’ East Longitude, has a total area of approximately 2,298.35 hectares.

  • Pariaman can be reached in several ways, namely:
    - Through the city of Padang, required approximately 45 minutes by private car to the capital of Pariaman, a distance of 50 km from the city of Padang.
    - Through the Agam regency, required approximately 30 minutes to the Capital Pariaman.

  • Pariaman and the small islands surrounding it, has a tropical climate with temperatures ranging from 25.10 - 26.200C or an averaged of 25.590C, the average humidity is 85.59%, average air pressure of 977.18, rainfall average of more than 298 mm/year and wind speed ranges from 1.0 -1.7 knots.

  • The temperature of coastal waters and small islands in Pariaman ranged from 30-31 °C, with an average salinity of the waters around 33-34 ppm, and brightness levels ranging from 5-8 meters.

  • Mangrove forest in Pariaman is 18 hectares, spread in the gulf area of 1.0 hectares and 0.5 hectares in Pauh, 3.5 hectares in Ampalu, 6 hectares in Apar, and 7 hectares in Anguang, with 80% level of forest damage. Inland and coastal vegetation contained in Serdang Bedagai generally dominated by coconut trees (Cocus nucifera), Rhizophora spp, shrubs, and hibiscus sea.
    Based on the results of Bung Hatta University in 2001, live coral cover in this region is 20.92% in Kasiak Island, 12.47% in Angso Island, 9.67% in Ujung Island, and 14.48% in Tangah Island. The coral consist of Acropora and non-Acropora. While there are other biotas in the Pariaman waters, among them have commercial value such as oysters, scallop, mussels, and clams.

  • Pariaman population in 2003 is 73,456 inhabitants with a population density of 1,001 inhabitants/km. The people are Muslim (100%), due to the homogeneous community that mainly comes from Minang tribe and the Malays.

  • On fishery, the highest number of fishermen is in the Central District of Pariaman with about 646 fishermen from a population of approximately 31,582 inhabitants. The fishing fleets consist of 105 units fishing boat, 161 units of outboard motor boats, and 129 units of boat without motor. In terms of fishing gears, the most widely used is gill nets (jarring insang) 88 units, lift net (bagan) 77 units, seine (pukat paying)
    73 units, and trolling line (pancing tonda) 23 units.

  • Estimated potential of marine fishery resources is about 7,892 tonnes for Pariaman. The maximum sustainable yield (potensi lestari) for small pelagic fish species is 3,156.8 tons; demersal 2,841.8 tons; 1,578 tons of large pelagic; shrimp 236.76 tons; and 78.92 tons of other marine animals. In 2004, the level of utilization (pemanfaatan baru) reached 265 tons, or 3.4% of maximum sustainable yields. While for aquaculture activities, the land area reaches 64 hectares with production of 57.61 tons. In 2004, the District of South Pariaman has 126 production units with total production of 41.76 tons.

  • In determining conservation area for Pariaman is mainly due to the fact that the small islands in this region is the place for turtles nesting and coral conservation. The destruction of coral reef ecosystems and the 25% of coral coverage in the area also supports the decision.

  • Pariaman natural beauty is designated by its white sandy beaches and clean environment, such as the Teluk Belibis Beach, North Pariaman to Sunur Beach, South Pariaman; also, Kasiek Island the nesting place for endangered turtles; and Angso Island, Tangah Island, Ujung Island as coral-reef conservation area. In addition, there are religious attractions such as Tabuik religious event and also the experience of walking down religious history in the 8th century when Syekh Burhanuddin brought Islam to the region, will be major tourist all year long for the local, national and international tourist.

8363210
Today
Yesterday
This Week
This Month
Last Month
Alldays
7085
7716
21445
80567
155352
8363210

Your IP: 18.204.48.40
Server Time: 2019-10-15 23:35:51

 

Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

________________________________________________________________

 

Gedung Mina Bahari III, Lantai 10

Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur, Nomor 16

Jakarta 10110, Kotak Pos 4130

Telepon : (021) 3522045, Ext. 6104,

Faksimile : (021) 3522045

Email : info.kkji@gmail.com