Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 50
  • Sumatera Barat
  • Pasaman Barat
  • District-based MPA payau Jorong Maligi (pasaman barat)
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 10.00
  • 0
  • 99009’58” LU – 99044’49” LS
  • 00014’08” – 00008’47” BT
  • The West side of West Pasaman is bordered with the Indian Ocean, while the North side is bordered with Mandailing Natal Regency of North Sumatra Province, and in the East and South side the regency is bordered with Agam Regency.

  • images/FotoKawasan/Jorong Maligi.jpg
  • West Pasaman represents the West region of West Sumatra Province, where the center of the government is in the Simpang Empat city in the capital of West Pasaman. West Pasaman has 11 districts and 9 villages. From all 11 district, five of this district are within the coastal areas, and one district includes the area of several small islands, namely the 5th District 11th District has a coastal and marine areas, and only one district alone who have the small islands named Sungai Beremas District.
    The legal basis for the establishment of Marine Protected Area (KKLD) of West Pasaman is West Pasaman Head Regent Decree No. 188.45/325/ BUP-PASBAR/2007 (SK Bupati Pasaman Barat No. 188.45/325/BUPPASBAR/ 2007) issued on June 7, 2007. The Marine Protected Area was in accordance with the protection of marine species diversity, the integrity of germ-plasm, leatherback turtle (penyu belimbing, Dermochelys coriacea), coral reefs and ecosystem balance.
    Establishment of Marine Protected Area is also declared for Brackish Water Conservation Area in Jorong Maligi, West Pasaman, by the legal basis of West Pasaman Head Regent Decree No. 188.45/326/BUP-PASBAR/2007 (SK Bupati Pasaman Barat No. 188.45/326/BUPPASBAR/2007) issued on June 7, 2007. The establishment was in accordance with Brackish Water Protection Area, comprehensive management of Germplasm, balance and maintenance of regional ecosystems in brackish waters of Jorong Maligi Nagari Sasak, Sasak Ramah district.

  • Marine Protected Area of West Pasaman, is located at the geographical position of 00014’08” – 00008’47” East Longitude dan 99009’58” North Latitude – 9044’49” South Latitude covering an area of within the Telur Island regional conservation area and brackish water conservation area in Jorong Maligi. The West side of West Pasaman is bordered with the Indian Ocean, while the North side is bordered with Mandailing Natal Regency of North Sumatra Province, and in the East and South side the regency is bordered with Agam Regency.

  • Marine Protected Area of West Pasaman can be accessed after passing through land, sea and air, that is:
    1. From Jakarta, using aircraft to Minangkabau International Airport in Padang, with travel time approximately one hour. After arriving in Padang, continue by car towards Simpang Empat (capital of West Pasaman) with travel time approximately 4 hours.
    2. There are four travel route by car to Air Bangis, the capital of Sungai Beremas district, all are 2 hour drive. After arriving in Air Bangis, continued to cross by boat for approximately 1 (one) hour, heading Telur Island the Regional Marine Protected Area of West Pasaman.

  • The condition of the Regional Marine Protected Area of West Pasaman in year 2004 based on field surveys: water temperature ranged between 27°C-31°C, the salinity of the water ranging from 32-38 ppm, the level of currents ranging from 3.22 to 6.55 knots toward the South and West, with sea waves as high as 0.95 to 6 meters, and last the pH ranging from 7.9 to 8.1 with a mean of 8.0.

  • Vegetation of mangrove forests in Marine Protected Area of West Pasaman has a diversity of species which is generally dominated by type Rhizopora apiculata, Rhizopora mucronata, Lumnitzera racemosa, Lumnitzera littorea, Bruguiera parviflora, Nypa fruticans, Xylocarpus granatum, Sonneratia alba, Avicennia marina, Avicennia alba dan Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. The mangrove forests in coastal areas of West Pasaman reached 6,276.5 hectares, spreading along the coast with the level of damage of more than 30% coverage, however this district has the most extensive mangrove forest in West Sumatra Province.
    The general types of coral reefs here is in the fringing reef that is available around the island. The good coverage of coral reefs is found around the waters of the Teluk Air Bangis Island. The potential to protect coral reef in the West Pasaman is approximately 224.5 hectares.
    The availability of seagrass in WestPasaman waters are relatively little, only in some areas, especially in small islands in the bay area and in Tapang bay that reached 60 hectares with species that are dominated by Halodule spp, Halophylla spp. Other species found in this area are Enhalus spp, Cymmodocea spp, Thallassia spp, with different vegetation stands of seagrass where a mixture of two or more species of seagrass grows simultaneously on a single substrate.
    Estuaries on the Regional Marine Protected Area of West Pasaman generally are located along the coast of Katiangan, Muara Bingung, Sasak, Maligi, Sikilang, Sikabau and Air Bangis. In general, types of estuaries include the coastal estuaries and lagoon estuaries.

  • Sectors that have the potential to be developed around the West Pasaman Marine Protected Area include agriculture, forestry, horticulture, marine and fisheries, animal husbandry, tourism and industrial sectors. For marine and fisheries, the West Pasaman area has a significantly high potential for the development of capture fishing, marine and coastal aquaculture and marine tourism. The communities along the Marine Protected Area are largely in poor condition. Of all nine small islands situated in the Air Bangis bay only one (1) island that is inhabited by residents, that is Panjang Island. While the 2 (two) islands are managed as coconut plantation, they are Tamiang Island and Pigago Island. Two other island are used to capture lobsters, crabs and shellfish, they are Unggas Island and Harimau Island. The remaining 4 (four) islands, that are Telur Island, Pangkal Island, Tabaka Island and Nibung Island, are currently unused.

  • Livelihoods of communities around the West Pasaman are mostly working in the field of fisheries. However, fishing activities are still carried out traditionally, because most of the fishermen, about 57.43% are still using boats without motor, 12.47% are using outboard motors, and as much as 42.57% are using motor boats measuring up to the 30 GT. While the fishing gear used are mostly for coastal fishing gear, and as much as 84.72% are using this type of gear.
    Marine aquaculture activities using cage is not so much. Cultivation using cage has only started, that is with the cultivation of groupers. Utilization of the waters around Panjang Island for grouper fish cultivation are using floating cage and has start to attract the communities. In the future, planned development of small island waters in the Sungar Beremas will be directed to cultivating various types of potential marine fish such as grouper, crabs and shellfish.

  • Conservation approach in the declaring a marine protected area is based on quantitative analysis of geographical conditions, ecological conditions, particularly the condition of coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass, sea turtles, the behavior toward the use of sea and the impacts on coral reefs, and also responses of the local community. The basis for determining the permanent conservation area zoning aims to protect the coral reef area that has high biodiversity value and high conservation of leatherback turtle (penyu belimbing, Dermochelys coriacea) habitat.

  • Conservation Area in West Pasaman has a beautiful nature such as islands, bays, mountains and mangrove areas that are still sustained. This resource supports the development of a regional marine and small islands protected area in the District of Sungai Beremas, as a marine park and tourist area. Construction of tourist huts at Panjang Island aims to support marine eco-tourism. In addition, the existing guardhouse with multistory buildings and docks would provide easy access for entrance to tourists.
    Overall, tourism potential in the West Pasaman is as follows:
    a. Coastal and Marine Tourism
    1. Panjang Island in Sungai Beremas;
    2. Kampung Padang Island in Sungai Beremasi;
    3. Sikabau Island in Koto Ba lingka;
    4. Sikilang Island in Sungai Aua;
    5. Maligi Island in Sasak Ranah Pasisie;
    6. Sasak Island in Sasak Ranah Pasisie;
    7. Muaro Binguang in Kinali;
    8. Katiagan Island in Kinali.
    b. Nature Tourism
    1. Kepang Cave in Sungai Beremas;
    2. Indah Lake in Koto Ba lingka;
    3. Mount Malintang in Lembah Malintang;
    4. Mount Batu in Lembah Malintang;
    5. Ampung Guo Cave in Gunung Tuleh;
    6. Batang Kenaikan Dam in Gunung Tuleh;
    7. Batang Tongar Dam in Pasaman;
    8. Waterfall Simpang Panco in Kinali;
    9. Mount Talamau in Talamai;
    10. Natural Hot Water Spring in Talamau;
    11. Japanese Cave in Talamau;
    12. ”Ikan Larangan” Community Based Fish Cultivation, Lubuk
    Landur, in Pasaman.

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