Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 46
  • Sumatera Utara
  • Nias Selatan
  • District-based MPA Nias Selatan
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 56,000.00
  • VI
  • 0
  • 0
  • images/FotoKawasan/Nias-Selatan1.jpg
  • Nias Selatan District has a total area of 1,825.2 km² located on the Western island of Sumatra, the distance is ± 92 nautical miles from Sibolga or Tapanuli Tengah District. Capital of Nias Selatan District is located on the Gulf island of Nias, while the location of the Local Marine Conservation Area (KKLD) Nias Selatan District is located in the Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district.
    The legal basis of the local marine conservation area is the Decision Letter (SK – Surat Keputusan) of Nias Selatan District Head No. 523/371/K/2008 signed on December 5, 2008.

  • Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district located between: 0 º - 15 º North Latitude and 90 º 58 ‘- 97 º 48’ East Longitude. The sub-district has total area 121.05 km2. The distance to the capital of district from the capital of sub-district is 48 miles or approximately 77.25 km with boundaries as follows, the North bordering the Teluk Dalam Sub-district, South of the border with Hibala Sub-district, bordering the Western Indian Ocean, bordering the East side Tapanuli Tengah regency.

  • Local marine conservation area of Nias Selatan accessible from Jakarta, is using aircraft to Medan and continued with Fokker 50 to airports Binaka in Gunung Sitoli (the capital of Nias district) then continued by road using public transport for 2.5 hours.

  • Nias Selatan District is located on the equator because it has a high rainfall. Average annual precipitation is 3,401.9 mm and rainy days in a year have 242 days or an average of 20 days per month in 2007. Due to the number of precipitation, Nias Selatan has the natural conditions are very humid and wet. Indian Ocean affects the climate of Nias Selatan. The air temperature ranges between 22º - 31º C with humidity level around 86-92% and wind speed between 5-16 knots/hour. Relatively high rainfall and rain throughout the year and is often followed by a big storm. Sea storm season generally occurs between September and November, but sometimes there are storms in August.
    Thus the weather in Nias Selatan can change abruptly.

  • Local Marine Conservation Area of Nias Selatan District, which is included in the administrative area of the Pulau-pulau Batu Subdistrict, covering three villages: Luaha Idano Pono, Hayo, and Sifitu Ewali. This marine conservation area has an area of 56,000 ha, located at 98.060 E - 98.370 E and 0.090 N 0.150 S. This place has open-water conditions and has big waves and white sandy beaches generally. While in the eastern part of Tello Island is the strait between the Balogia Island and Lawindra Island. Reef flat top ramps and horizontal generally located between 50 - 150 m from the coastline.

  • In local marine conservation area of Nas Selatan District, the bottom of shallow waters filled with dead coral that has been overgrown by algae, dead coral and sand fractions. The growth of coral that grows in the deep waters of its kind is less varied. Some of the coral genus that can still be found was Acropora spp, Montipora foliosa, and Pocillopora verrucosa. Live coral covers in these waters have a percentage of about 11.97%, which is categorized as “not good”.
    Based on observations at sampling sites in shallow waters of Pulau Tello found the number of 492 fish, consisting of 75 species, 49 genera and 21 tribes. Of the total number, which belongs to the major fish as much as 311, the fish are targeted by the study as much as 164 and as many as 17 fish indicators. The dominant fish species found in the category of genera in these waters is Caesio, Chromis, Dascyllus, Pomacentrus, Acanthurus, Halichoeres, Chrysiptera, Thalassoma, Pterocaesio, and Dischistodus. Mangrove ecosystems found on several islands around Tello Island, Pono, Tanah Masa and Hibala Sub-district with broad reach 842.27 ha, is dominated by Rhizopora sp.

  • Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district has a population of 18,978 inhabitants with an average density of 157 people/km2. The number of men amounted to 9,496 people and women amounted to 9,482 people. Meanwhile, the number of households there are as many as 3,976 (projection by BPS-Statistic Indonesia of Nias Selatan District, 2007).
    Education facilities located in the Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district consists of 35 elementary schools and 7 junior high schools while the senior high school has 2 units, one of the that school was a school of fisheries that focused on the science of fisheries aquaculture.
    Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district have the following health facilities: hospital 1 unit, 1 unit of health centers, pustu 7 units, clinic 2 units, polindes 9 units, and posyandu 37 units. eanwhile, there are health workers who serve the community consists of a doctor 3, 22 midwives and nurse 19.
    For the following number of places of worship as mosques as many as 13 units, 1 unit mosque, church, 44 units, and monasteries 1 unit. The religious believer is divided into: as many as 4,205 Muslim inhabitants, as many Protestant Christian faiths 11,342 people, Catholic as much as 3,453 people, Buddhists were 29 people, Hindu 4 people, Confucius was three people, and the other religion as many as 122 people.
    In this sub-district are listed as a heterogeneous society. They consist of various tribes of Nias from Teluk alam, Nias from Gunungsitoli, Minang, Batak, China and Aceh. Under these conditions, the population here is national social interaction. This interaction forms a distinctive cultural tradition, which comes from mixing habits of various tribes who owned it.

  • Based on employment data showing that the livelihood of this district is dominated by agriculture. The farmers recorded as many as 9,651 people. Workers in the industrial field there were 247 people, PNS / TNI / Police as many as 245 people, and other work areas as many as 1,062 people (Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district, 2007).
    Of the 9,651 people working in agriculture was, 1,165 of who work in the subsector of fisheries with the catch of 5,310 tons. The largest production contributed by the Labuan Bajau village of 896 tons, while the smallest of the catch comes from the village of Loboi, which is 2 tons (Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources of Nias Selatan Regency in 2007).

  • Community districts conduct fishing activities and other marine resources typically use traditional fishing gear. They use the “perahu dayang” or a motorized boat with a small size, resulting in the arrest of a relatively small area and low catches.
    BPS Statistics Indonesia (2006) published that there are fishermen who use motorized boats in District Hibala 68 people of 809 people. Meanwhile, in Pulau-pulau Batu Sub-district of the 1,663 fishermen, who use motorized boats only 93 fishermen. Hibala Sub-district able to produce the catch from the sea amounted to 3,679.8 tons. For District Stone islands amounted to 6,239.2 tons. By using simple fishing equipment, fishing in this region have an average income level is relatively small fishermen, between 300,000 - 500,000 rupiahs per month. Thus, the conditions still remain poor fishing communities.

  • The conservation effort of establishing the local marine conservation area of Nias Selatan was based on quantitative analysis on geographical and marine ecological conditions such as mangrove, sea grass, coral reef, estuaries, and coral fish. The objective of the establishment is to achieve sustainable utilization of fish, ecosystem, and environmental resources in order to secure sustainable supply, quality improvement and biodiversity for the welfare of society in general and specifically for the coastal population.

  • Nias Selatan actually have potential in the field of maritime and cultural tourism. Tourists have known this place as a good location for development of coastal tourism, maritime, and cultural. Location of tourist attractions that have been popular beach is Lagundri and Sorake. Meanwhile, the island of Pulau-pulau Batu is a popular maritime tourist area will be beautiful and rich sea. This place is able to invite tourists for sunbathing and diving activities. Meanwhile, Bawomataluo a cultural tourist attraction sites that have been popular with the attraction of the traditional house and stone skipping (“lompat batu”).
    Each year, the number of tourists visiting Nias Selatan increased, except in 2005. The decrease was due to natural disasters of earthquake and tsunami. The number of tourists who visited in 2007 increased 1.6% compared to the previous year. Based on these data, there were 22,401 tourists in 2007, 28.7% of which were foreign tourists.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

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