Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 42
  • Sumatera Utara
  • Serdang Berdagai
  • District-based MPA Serdang Bedagai
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 41.70
  • VI
  • 03046’11,06” – 03046’54,06” LS
  • 99029’27,02” – 99030’16.90” BT
  • Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai memiliki Pulau Berhala sebagai based point antara RI-Malaysia, akan tetapi pengelolaannya belum optimal. Berdasarkan ketinggian permukaan wilayah Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai berada pada ketinggian 0 – 500 m dari permukaan laut di Pantai Timur, Sumatera Utara. Panjang Garis Pantai ± 51 km. Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai terdiri dari 17 kecamatan yang diantaranya memiliki wilayah pesisir di 5 kecamatan dengan jumlah 23 desa yaitu Kecamatan Pantai Cermin, Kecamatan Perbaungan, Kecamatan Teluk Mengkudu, Kecamatan Tanjung Beringin, Kecamatan Bandar Khalifah. Kawasan Konservasi Perairan (KKP) adalah wilayah perairan laut termasuk pesisir dan pulau-pulau kecil yang mencakup tumbuhan dan hewan di dalamnya, serta/atau termasuk bukti peninggalan sejarah dan sosial-budaya di bawahnya, yang dilindungi secara hukum atau cara lain yang efektif, baik dengan melindungi seluruh atau sebagian wilayah tersebut, dengan pengaturan zona perlindungan, pelestarian dan pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan termasuk ekosistemnya.

  • images/FotoKawasan/KKLD-Serdang-Bedagai1.jpg
  • Serdang Bedagai Regency, with Sei Rampah as its capital, is a new regency that separates itself from Deli Serdang Regency, authorized under the Act No. 36 of 2003.
    The legal basis for the establishment of the Regional Marine Conservation Area is Serdang Berdagai Regent Decree No. 97/523/2008.

  • Secara geografis Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai terletak pada posisi 2º 57' – 3º16' Lintang Selatan, 98º 33' – 99º27' Bujur Timur dengan luas daerah ± 1.900,22 Km2 dengan batas wilayah di sebelah Utara dengan Selat Malaka dan diapit 3 (tiga) daerah Kabupaten di Sumatera Utara.
    - Pulau Berhala Induk luas 40,351 Ha
    - Pulau Sokong Nenek di sebelah timur (menyatu dengan Pulau Berhala saat air surut) Luas 0,645 Ha
    - Pulau Sokong Siembah yang berada di sebelah Barat Pulau Siembah sekitar 0,765 Ha

  • Berhala Island can be reached by ocean transportation. The distance between North Sumatra mainland and Berhala Island is about 22 miles, which can be crossed by speed boat/ship from PPI Tanjung Beringin. A trip by speed boat owned by the Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office of Serdang Bedagai Regency takes 3.5 to 4 hours with an average speed of 8 knots. The length of the trip is affected by siltation along the Bedagai River towards the estuary.

  • Serdang Bedagai, a municipal with a tropical climate with an average humidity of 80.75%. Precipitation is between 30-343 mm per month and the period of the highest rainfall occurs in November-December. While the heaviest rain occurred in September-October that reach 28 days in a month. The minimum is 24,020C and maximum 32,140C.

  • Tidal conditions in the waters of Serdang Bedagai including mixed tide prevailing semi-diurnal with two times tide and 2 times ebb in a day with different tidal amplitude and period every day. High tide is a maximum of 3 m and low tide is about 0.5 m. Temperature ranged between 27-300C with an average brightness of 2.8 m. It has a velocity ranging from 1-3 knots with the current direction to the Southwest, Northeast and Southeast.

  • Inland and coastal vegetation contained in Serdang Bedagai is generally dominated by coconut trees (Cocus nucifera), shrubs and mangroves. Palm trees are cultivated by the community, while mangrove forests can be found starting from the East coast to the South. Some mangrove species, which are common in Serdang Bedagai, includes (Rhizophora spp), (Avicennia spp), (Bruguiera spp),(Ceriops spp) and (Nypa fructicans). Mangrove ecosystem in Serdang Bedagai is a complex ecosystem where many marine organisms and terrestrial ecosystems intensively associate, such as lizards and snakes reptiles, fish, birds and crustacea , in this ecosystem.
    The types of coral rocks found around the Berhala Island belong to the species of hard corals such as the 53% massive coral, 24% Acropora tabulate, 15% Acropora digitata and 7% corals branching. Reef ecosystems in the waters around Berhala Island is a complex ecosystem where many marine organisms are associated intensively with the central ecosystem, such as green turtles (Chelonia mydas) usually lay eggs in May and June each year on the coast of the Berhala Island. The presence of the turtles bring new hope to the conservation effort of the breeding of turtles as protected fauna. Therefore, Serdang Bedagai government has issued Government Regulation (Perda) No. 12 Year 2006 on Management of Berhala Island as a Marine Eco-tourism Area.
    Some reef fish that are consumed include several type of grouper (Chomileptes altivelis, Ephinephelus fuscoguttatus), snapper (Lutjanus decussatus), rabbit fishes (Siganus coralinus, S. dolainus), yellowtail fish (Caesio yellow), snappers (Lutjanus Fulvilamma), blue spotted stingray (Dasyatis kuhlii), wrasse (Halichoeris centriquadrus), guitarfish (Rhynchobatus djiddesis), javanese cownose ray (Rhinoptera javanica), and several species of ornamental fish.

  • Population Serdang Bedagai in year 2005 amounted to 599,151 households and 141,413 inhabitants with an average population density of 315 person/km2, and the rate of population growth in Serdang Bedagai per year on average amounted to 0.23%. The few tribes who live in this district, among others, Karo, Melayu, Tapanuli, Simalungun, Java and others (BPS, 2006).
    Meanwhile, the economic growth Bedagai Serdang in 2005 reached 5.91%. The construction sector is an economic sector that experienced the greatest growth of 18.12%. Based on constant 2000 prices, the agricultural sector became the largest contributor to GDP from the year 2004-2005. The total GDP amounted to 3,379.77 billion rupiah in 2005, the agricultural sector contributes 1,441.77 billion rupiah followed by the industrial sector of 663.94 billion rupiah, and the trade sector with a contribution of 556.18 billion rupiah. In addition, based on statistical results SUSENAS poverty level in Serdang Bedagai decreased from 21.89% in 2004 to 12.34% in 2005, with the unemployment rate in 2005 reaching 7.42%.

  • Serdang Bedagai has a long coastline, about 95 km which covers five districts of Pantai Cermin district, Perbaungan district, and Teluk Mengkudu district, Tanjung Beringin district and Bandar Khalifah district. Under these conditions it is no wonder that many residents work as fishermen. However, the fishing activities are still dominated by small-scale fishing using simple fishing gears such as purse seine, gillnet, trammel nets and fishing rods. According to the data in 2007, the total fishing fleet is about 1,898 vessels in Serdang Bedagai, consisting of as many as 1,507 units of motor boats, and boats without motors as many as 391 units. For motor boats, they are still dominated by size 3-5 GT about 798 units, less than 3 GT about 565 units, size 6-9 GT as many as 120 units and 24 units of size 10-20 GT.

  • Production of the fishery sector in Serdang Bedagai within three years experiences a trend of decline. The Region achieved its largest production in the year 2004 that is equal to 25,312 tones, but production in the year 2006 have declined by 14%. In addition to the potential of marine fisheries, Serdang Bedagai also has aquaculture business potential with its large area of reservoirs, rivers and swamps. There are about 4,500 ha of aquaculture potential spread in several districts, which, up to now, are only used approximately 892 ha of 1,132 tons aquaculture production.
    Marine fishery production of Serdang Bedagai consisting of marine catfish (ikan manyung), sole fish (ikan sebelah), mackerel (ikan selar), Scad mackerel (ikan layar sunglir), hardtail scad (ikan tetengkek), black pomfret (ikan bawal hitam), white pomfret (ikan bawal putih), white snapper (ikan kakap putih), dorab wolf-herring (ikan golok-golok), grouper (ikan kerapu), squid, cuttlefish and crustaceans species.

  • The attraction of Berhala Island is more complete with the presence of sea turtles that lay their eggs on the beach of this Island. The presence of the turtles brings new hope to conservation effort in breeding turtles as protected fauna. But lately the changes, especially the increasing number of plastic waste scattered around the Island is a threat to the conservation of sea turtles. In addition, the presence of turtle egg poachers is also a serious challenge in the preservation of sea turtles on the island of Idolatry here in Berhala Island. Based on this, Serdang Bedagai government has issued Government Regulation (Perda) No. 12 Year 2006 on Management of Serdang Bedagai as a Marine Ecotourism Area.

  • As a Marine Eco-tourism area (or Kawasan Konservasi Laut Daerah–KKLD), Serdang Bedagai have a large number of tourist sites that spreads almost to all of its districts. Management of tourist attractions not only involves the local governments but also investors from neighboring Malaysia, which currently manages a Theme Park located in the Pantai Cermin District. In this Park, people can enjoy several facilities including their swimming pool, Jet Ski, water skiing, kayaking, speedboat, banana boat, and lazy pool, etc. There is also a mini zoo, which contains various kinds of animals. Among these animals are peacock, black cockatoo, parrot, and many other bird species. The Theme Park area has also been equipped with a charming inn with comfortable atmosphere and affordable price. In addition to managing the Pantai Cermin tourist area, the Theme Park also provides tourism services for Berhala Island.
    Another tourist area of Serdang Bedagai among others is Kampung Bali in Pegajahan District about 12 km from Perbaungan District. Kampung Bali is the center of the local craft where most of the craftsmen there are from Bali. In addition, this village which has a slogan “Tanah Bertuah Negeri Beradat” (Magical Island of the Civilized Land) also has very interesting nature as tourist attaction including Sampuran waterfall in Dolok Merawan District, Gudang Garam Beach, Sialang Buah Beach in beaches in Teluk Mengkudu, Pondok Permai Beach and Kuala Puteri Beach in Pantai Cermin District, and also other attractions.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan



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