Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 31
  • Sumatera Utara
  • Tapanuli Tengah
  • District-based MPA Tapanuli Tengah
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 81,243.00
  • VI
  • 1031’48” – 1043’37” LU
  • 98025’08” – 98043’45” BT
  • Tapanuli Tengah Regency is bordered to the North by Aceh Singkil Regency, to the South by Tapanuli Selatan Regency, to the East by Tapanuli Utara and Hubang Regency, and to the West by Indian Ocean.

  • images/FotoKawasan/KKLD Tapanuli Tengah.jpg
  • The legal basis for establishment of Regional Marine Conservation Area of Tapanuli Tengah Regency is Tapanuli Tengah Regent Decree No. 1421/DKP/2007 issued on November 7, 2007. The priority for this area is to support sustainable utilization of fisheries and marine tourism activities.

  • Kawasan Konservasi ini terletak pada koordinat sebagai berikut :
    a. Koordinat batas terluar di Timur :
    1. 1º42’N' 98º47'E
    2. 1º38’N 98º50’E
    3. 1º31'N 98º44'E
    b. Koordinat Batas terJuar di Barat
    1. 1º37’N 98º25'E
    2. 1º43'N 98º25'E
    c. Koordinat batas terluar di Utara :
    1. 1º43’N 98º25'E
    2. 1º43'N98º43'E
    3. 1ºt42'N 98º47'E
    d. Koordinat batas terluar di Selatan :
    1. 1º31'N 98°44'E
    2. 1º31'N 98°29'E
    Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah berbatasan dengan Kabupaten Aceh Singkil di sebelah utara, sebelah selatan dengan Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan, sebelah timur dengan Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara dan Hubang, dan sebelah barat berbatasan dengan Samudera Indonesia.

  • The Regional Marine Conservation Area of Tapanuli Tengah Regency can be accessed by land, sea or air.
    1. The first route is by plane from Jakarta to Medan, followed by a flight on Foker 50-type aircraft to Pinangsari airport in Tapanuli Tengah Regency, which takes less than an hour.
    2. The second route follows the arrival in Medan with a ride on rented car directly to Tapanuli Tengah, which takes approximately 8 hours.
    3. The third route is less traveled, i.e. by plane from Jakarta to Minangkabau International Airport, followed by a 12-hour ride by rented car to Tapanuli Tengah.
    4. Before 2007 there was also a route by ship directly to the port of Sibolga (one of the largest city in Tapanuli Tengah) from Tanjung Priok Harbor, Jakarta, every two weeks.
    5. The Marine Protected Area is accessible by a 1-3 hour trip by car or boat.

  • Most district in Tapanuli Tengah Regency are adjacent to the ocean, which influences the air temperature in this tropical region. From January to December the maximum temperature can reach 32,700C and the minimum temperature can reach 20,800C, with an average air temperature 26,030C.
    Similar to other regions in Indonesia, Tapanuli Tengah Regency has the dry seasons and rainy season. The dry season usually occurs from June through September and the rainy seasons from November through March, with a transition season between the two seasons.

  • The ocean current velocity in the waters of Tapanuli Tengah Regency ranges from 3.1 miles per day to 36 miles per day.

  • Total area of mangrove forests in Tapanuli Tengah is 7 sq miles, with approximately 6 sq miles still in good condition and the remaining approximately 0.9 sq miles have been damaged. The mangrove vegetation is predominantly Rhizopora mucronata.
    The coral reefs in Tapanuli Tengah Regency include fringing reefs, patch reefs and shoals, which extend to around 97.904 sq miles. Based on observation, the live coral cover is between 0,00%-79,70%, with a mean percentage of 26,98%. Neopomacentrus cynamos is the most abundant reef fish species compared to other reef fish species, with 4,571 individuals per hectare. The abundance of other economically important fish species is 813 ind/ha for snapper, 165 ind/ha for grouper, 936 ind/ha for yellowtail fusilier, and 330 ind/ha butterflyfish, an indicator fish in accessing the health of coral reefs.

  • In 2006 the population of Tapanuli Tengah was297,843 people, with an annual growth rate of 4.03% in 2001-2006. The regional Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at prices in 2007 was USD 1,610.42 billion. Agriculture was the main contributor for the GDP at 44.51%, followed by the service sector at 18.23%, processing industry at 14.88%, and trade, hotels and restaurants sectors at 10.70%, while other sectors only contribute less than 5%.

  • Most of the people around the Regional Marine Conservation Area in Tapanuli Tengah Regency work in agriculture and fisheries sector (fishermen). In 2005 there were 10,410 fishermen and fish farmers, a decrease from 2004 with 10,655 fishermen and fish farmers. This decrease in the number of fishermen is likely caused by a decline in the size of catch per effort unit and the tsunami disaster that causes the community to be less inclined to become sea fishermen. Another possibility is that the development of industrial and tourism services sector causes many fishermen to switch professions.
    There wew 2,760 units of fishing equipment in 2005, which were 810 units of fixed gill nets, 335 units of stationary lift nets, 330 units of longlines. The total number of fishing fleet was 2,055 units, which wew 1,060 units of boats without motor, 380 units of outboard motors, and 375 units of boats with 0-5 GT motors.

  • The total fish production in Tapanuli Tengah Regency in 2005 was 24,577.6 tons, consisting of 23,365.9 tons of sea fish, 708.7 tons of general water fish, and 503 tons of aquaculture fish. The production of marine fish catches are: skipjack tuna, tuna, emperor, yellowtail fusilier, oil sardine, white pomfret, black pomfret, bigeye snapper, squid, whipfin silver biddy, trevally, and others.

  • The conservation appoarch in establishing the Regional Marine Conservation Area in Tapanuli Tengah is based on ecological aspects, which serve as a place to lays eggs, to breed, and to migrate for many fish species, in order to protect the habitat for fishery resources and coral reefs.

  • A potential tourist destination in the conservation area is Mursala Island, located at 1,7º N dan 98,5º E in tapian Nauli District, Tapanuli Tengah Regency. A beautiful hilly region, its total area ± 8.000 ha. Rocky streams flow swiftly through the island. The waters of Mursala Island are established as a coral reef preserve, while the island itself has the potential to become a hunting destination and resort. It can be reached either from Kota Pandan or Kota Sibolga by a 60-minute ride on speed boat.
    Hotel Bumi Asih provides more accommodation in Pandan, the capital of Tapanuli Tengah Regency. Another tourism destination is Indah Kalangan Beach. Palm trees and cottages scattered around the beach in Pandan. Various sporting events have been held on the beach, such as swimming competitions, motocross races, as well as various local community entertainment events.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

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