Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 29
  • Sumatera Utara
  • Nias
  • District-based MPA Nias
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 29,000.00
  • VI
  • 01024’38,22” – 01033’38,18” LS
  • 97002'58,92” – 97025’04,86" BT
  • Nias Regency is a group of islands surrounded by the ocean, bordered to the West by the Indian Ocean, to the North by the Banyak Island od Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province, to the East by Mursala Island of Tapanuli Tengah Regency, and to the South by Nias Selatan Regency.

  • images/FotoKawasan/KKLD Nias.jpg
  • The legal basis for the establishment of Regional Marine Conservation Area in Nias Regency is Nias Regent Decree No. 050/139/K/2007 issued on June 29, 2007. The area is utilized for sustainable fisheries activities, marine tourism, research and socioeconomic development of communities, and sustainable use of other marine resources.

  • The Regional Marine Conservation Area of Nias Regency is located at the geographic position of 97002'58,92" - 97025'04.86" E and 01024'38,22" - 01033'38,18" S with a total area of 29.000 ha. Nias Regency is a group of islands surrounded by the ocean, bordered to the West by Indian Ocean, to the North by the Banyak Islands of Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Province, to the East by Mursala Islands of Tapanuli Tengah Regency, and to the South by Nias Selatan Regency.

  • The Regional Marine Conservation Area of Nias Regency can be accessed by land, sea or air.
    1. The first route is by plane from Jakarta to Medan, followed by a flight on Foker 50-type aircraft to Binaka airport in Gunungsitoli (the capital of Nias Regency), which takes approximately one hour.
    2. The second route follows the arrival in Medan with a ride on rented car to Sibolga (the capital of TapanuIi Tengah), which takes approximately 8 hours, which is then followed by a 10-hour boat ride to the port of Gunungsitoli, or by a 4-hour ride on a fast boat.
    3. The third route is less traveled, i.e. by plane from Jakarta to Minangkabau International Airport, followed by a 12-hour ride by rented car to Sibolga, and then crossing to the port of Gunungsitoli by Ferry.
    4. Before 2007 there was also a route by ship directly to the port of Gunungsitoli from Tanjung Priok Harbor, Jakarta, every two weeks.
    5. The aquatic conservation area is accessible by a 1-3hour car ride.

  • Surrounded by sea, the Regional Marine Conservation Area of Nias Island is heavily influenced by oceanographic factors. The average annual rainfall in Nias Regency is about 3,287 mm with a average of 22 rainy days per month. The high rainfall result in high humidity in Nias Regency, with a range of 80 - 90 %. The temperature range in Nias Regency is 14,50 C - 30,40C and is normal for the topics. Wind speed of 5-6 knots per hour also supports the high level of humidity in Nias Regency.

  • The temperature range of the waters around the Regional Marine Conservation Area of Nias Regency is 290C - 300C, salinity is 33-34 ppt, and pH is 7,8 - 8,1 with an average of 8.0, while current velocity is relatively weak at round 25 cm/second.

  • The mangrove forest in Nias Regency is 14.3 sq miles, with estimated 1.6sq miles in good condition and 12.6 sq miles in damaged condition. The mangrove cover area is supported by the existence of several rivers in Lahewa District, one of which is the large 7-mile Lafau River, which mouth is in Moawo Village.
    The study results of COREMAP II site determination states that coral reefs in Nias Regency cover an area of 8.5 sq miles, spread across four district, namely Lahewa District 4.8 sq miles, Tuhemberua District 0.6 sq miles, Afulu District 2.4 sq miles, and Sirombu District 0.8 sq miles.

  • Sectors that have the potential to be developed in Regional Marine Conservation Area of Nias Regency include agriculture and forestry, plantation, marine affairs and fisheries, animal husbandry, tourism and industrial sectors. For maritime affairs and fisheries, Nias Regency has many coastal and marine areas that have the potential for aquaculture development both marine and coastal, as well as marine tourism. Plantation crops that are predominantly cultivated in the regency are coconut and rubber, in line with the topography and climate conditions in the region. Livestock that is predominantly raised in the regency is pigs, a farm commodity that has the most potential to be developed.

  • The people around the Regional Marine Conservation Area in Nias Regency make their livelihoods in the field of fisheries. However, they still carry out their fishing activities in the traditional way-most still use boats without motors and outboard motor boats. The fishing gears they use are mostly fishing rods bottom long lines and drift nets.
    Marine aquaculture activities are still limited to breeding fish in floating fish nets. The fish seeds captured from the wild are kept in nets prior to sale. This aquaculture activity is still traditional. In addition, the floating fish nets are used as temporary shelters for caught fish, and then sold to consumers after their numbers are considered sufficient.

  • Although the community’s fishing fleet is predominantly boats without motors and outboard motor, the fish production of fishermen in Nias Regency reached 5,707tons in 2005, with a production value of IDR 17,6 billion.

  • The conservation approach in determining conservation areas is based on quantitative analysis of geographical conditions, ecological conditions of its waters especially the coral reefs, pattern of marine utilization, and the impact on coral reefs and the response of the local community. The determination of conservation area zoning is still based on the purpose of protecting the coral reef areas that have high biodiversity values.

  • Nias Regency has many potential locations to be developed into tourist destinations, one of which is Asu Islands, a remote island in the Hinako Islands and one of the outer island of Indonesia. The island is approximately 18 kilometers, with around 20 families living permanently there. The island’s strong point is its waves, which can reach 3-4 meters, appropriate for surfing.

8363155
Today
Yesterday
This Week
This Month
Last Month
Alldays
7030
7716
21390
80512
155352
8363155

Your IP: 18.204.48.40
Server Time: 2019-10-15 23:31:06

 

Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

________________________________________________________________

 

Gedung Mina Bahari III, Lantai 10

Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur, Nomor 16

Jakarta 10110, Kotak Pos 4130

Telepon : (021) 3522045, Ext. 6104,

Faksimile : (021) 3522045

Email : info.kkji@gmail.com