Marine Protected Area Form

Data Kawasan Konservasi

  • 28
  • Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam
  • Simeulue
  • District-based MPA Perairan Pulau Pinang, Siumat dan Simanaha (PiSiSi)
  • Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah
  • 50,000.00
  • 0
  • 96013’ – 96047’ N
  • 2040’ – 2059’ E
  • Simeulue Island is surrounded by water, bordered to the West by the Indian Ocean, to the North by the Indian Ocean and the waters of Aceh Barat Agency, to East by the Indian Ocean and the water of Aceh Selatan Regency, and to the South by the Indian Ocean.

  • images/FotoKawasan/pulau pinang.jpg
  • The legal basis for the establishment of the waters of Penang, Siumat and Simanaha Islands (PiSiSi) as a Regional Marine Conservation Area is a Simeulue Regent Degree No.523.1/104/SK/2006 issued on April 9, 2006. The area is designed to become a marine protected area and marine park. By establishing it as a Regional Marine Conservation Area, it is hoped to become an area for conservation, tourism, education/research and community economic activities.

  • Administratively, the Regional Marine Conservation Area of Pinang, Siumat and Simanaha Islands is located in Simeulue Regency, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province. Geographically, the Regional Marine Conservation Area of Simeulue Island and the surrounding small island is located at 96013' 96047' N dan 2040' 2059' W and has a total area of 50.000 ha. Simeulue Island is surrounded by water, bordered to the West by the Indian Ocean, to the North by the Indian Ocean and the waters of Aceh Barat Agency, to East by the Indian Ocean and the water of Aceh Selatan Regency, and to the South by the Indian Ocean.


  • There are two ways to reach the Regional Marine Conservation Area of Pinang, Siumat and Simanaha Islands (PiSiSi):


    • By air transport from Medan to the Lasikin-Sinabang Airport (the capital of Simeulue Regency) with five scheduled flights per week, followed by a 20-minute motorboat ride from the port of Sinabang to the Regional Marine Conservation Area.


    • By air transport from Medan to Gunung Sitoli, Sibolga; followed by 18-hour sea transport to the port of Sinabang.


  • Simeulue island and the 41 surrounding island have a wet tropical climate (tropical rain) with an average yearly rainfall of 2.828 mm dan an average monthly rainfall of 236 mm. The air temperatur is almost the same as in mainland Sumatra, which is between 180C and 240C, with humidity of 60% - 70%. The region usually experience the rainy season from November to March, while the dry season occurs from May to October.

  • The tidal sea level of the water is the diurnal tide, with the highest level is 0,6 meter and the lowest is 0,5 meter. The maximum surface current velocity during the west monsoon is 0,5 m/s toward the East to the Southeast. During the East monsoon, the maximum velocity is also 0,5 m/s. Ocean waves during the West monsoon reaches 1,0-2,0 m, and during the East monsoon 0,5-1,75 m. The surface temperature ranges from 28,50C-30,00C (West monsoon), and from 28,50C-31,00C (East monsoon). Surface salinity ranges from 31-33ppt, while the pH 8,0-8,4, with clarity between 12-22 m.

  • The mangrove ecosystems in Simeulue Island are spread in Teluk Sinabang, Teluk Dalam, Teluk Sibigo and Teluk Salang. The total area of the mangrove is 2.779,97 ha, dominated by Rhizopora sp, api-api (Avicenna sp) and Bruguiera sp. The seagrass ecosystems are dominated by Enhalus sp, Thallasia, Syrongodium, Thalosodendrum, and Chimodecea. Seaweed species found in the water of Simeulue are green algae (Chlorophyceae), brown algae (Phaeophyceae), and red algae (Rhodophyceae).
    Small islands around Simeulue Island are generally surrounded by fringing reefs 0.5-5m deep. The corals found there belong to the hard coral type, such as massive coral, table coral, gorgonian, leaf coral, and mushroom coral. Coral reefs in Simuelue Island clusters can generally be categorized as in moderate to good condition, with live coral cover 50-75%.
    Fish species found in these waters are categorized by groups, such as large pelagic fish (bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna, albacore, bluefin tuna, marlin, sailfish, skipjack tuna, and Spanish mackarel); small pelagic fish (frigate tuna, roundscad, blackfin scad, oil sardine, mackerel and anchovy); demersal fish (pomfret, hairtail, red snapper, white snapper, crescent perch, croaker and sea catfish); reef fish (humpback grouper, spotted coralgrouper, tiger grouper, estuary grouper, spinefood, trevally, and napoleon); shrimp/crustaceans (crab, flower crab, lobster, tiger prawn and brown shrimp), mollusks (sea cucumber, jellyfish, sea urchin, sea worm, squid, octopus, green mussel and oyster); reptiles and sea mammals (dolphin, tortoise, and sea snake).

  • Based on livelihoods, people around the Regional Marine Conservation Area of Pinang, Siumat, and Simanaha (Pisisi) are classified as farmers, fishermen, merchants, handicraft worker, and lobarers. Almost all of the population is Muslim, except for some Chinese migrants and travelling merchants. Ethnic groups who live in this area are Dagang, Aceh, Lanteng, Abon, Pamuncak, dan Painang.
    Their everday languanges are Aneuk Jamee, Devayan, Sigulai, and Leukon. Art form that develop on Simuelue Island are: angguk (a skill using the head, hands and body alternately), Andalas dance, Nandong (an art containing poetry chanted in a beautiful and melodious voice and accompanied by drums), Rafai Debus (attraction of body invulnerability), and Kuala Deli/Tanjung Katung Dance.

  • The livelihoods on Simeulue Island are driven by the agricultural sector, which includes plantations, food crops and livestock, whereas the fisheries include capture fisheries and aquaculture. Plantation activities, by the communities or corporations, are generally clove, coconut, cocoa, coffee, rubber and mixture plantations. Food crops that are developed are rice, while livestock that are developed are buffalo, cattle, goat, poultry.

  • The production of fishermen from Simeulue Island and the surrounding area is still far below standard, because it is still dominated by small-scale fishing gears. In 2003, the total capture production was 210.7 tons. Fish species that are caught are grouper, spanish mackerel, mackerel, trevally, doublewhip threadfin bream, blackfin scad, oil sardine, yellowtail fusilier, barracuda, skipjack tuna, frigate tuna, tuna, stingrays, squid, crab, snipper, lobster, sea cucumber, shark. Aquaculture production is still carried out in inland waters with catfish and cichlid commodities, which reached 4.9 tons in 2002. So the potential for marine aquaculture has not been well developed in waters around Simeulue Island.
    As for fishing activities, the number of fishermen in 2003 was 8,005 people, with 2,088 units of boats without motors, 1,470 units of outboard motor boats, 76 units of 1- 5 GT motor boats, and 15 units of boats with motors of more than 5GT. So almost 90% of fishermen in Simeulue Island are subsistent. The land area for aquaculture activities is 3,084,7 ha

  • The conservation approach in establishing Pinang Island, Siumat Island and Simanaha Island as a Regional Marine Conservation Area is based on the uniqueness of the area, which has distinctive characteristics and a high level of biodiversity and appealing aesthetic values.

  • Tourism that can be developed on Simeuleu Island and the surrounding area is marine tourism, nature tourism and cultural tourism.
    Some tourist destinations are:
    - Tunggu Indah Resort, a tourist attraction for swimming and snorkeling
    - Teupah Island, East Simeulue District, a site for surfers due to its large waves (± 4 meter)
    - Mincu Island, next to Teupah Island, a site where turtles lay their eggs.
    - Ganding Beach, a white sand beach
    - Lasikin Beach, a white sand beach
    - Sibigo Bay, a site for marine tourism and diving
    - Angkeo Beach, Simeulue Tengah District, a white sand beach
    - Sembilan Caves, Sembilan Village, Simeulue Barat District.
    - Alus-alus Beach with its white sands.

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Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

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