Technical Guidelines For Evaluating The Management Effectiveness Of Aquatic, Coasts And Small Islands Conservation Areas (E-KKP3K) — E-MPA

cover-e-kkp3kConservation is of global concern today, and is a strategic issue for several countries, including Indonesia. With an abundant fish resource potential, Indonesia has to be able manage these resources effectively and sustainably for the good of its people. Management of fish resources in Indonesia was initiated in 1990 with the passing of Law 5 on conservation of biological resources and their ecosystems.However, a more specific legal umbrella for conservation of fish resources did not come until 2004, when Law 31/2004 on fisheries was passed, and subsequently amended by Law 45/2009. Further, the fish resource conservation mandate is outlined in Government Regulation 60/2007, which was followed by other technical regulations in the form of guidelines and ministerial regulations. Since the establishment of this legal umbrella, conservation of fish resources in Indonesia has intensified.


National and local government initiatives in fish resource conservation had created no less than 16 million hectares of marine conservation areas by the end of 2012. The Indonesian government has committed to increasing this expanse of marine conservation area to 20 million hectares by 2020. This commitment is in keeping with the commitment to making management of these areas more effective.

Preparation of these Technical Guidelines for Evaluating the Management Effectiveness of Marine, Coasts and Small Islands Conservation Areas is an initiative of the Directorate for Conservation of Area and Fish Species towards achieving this target of effective management.

These guidelines are the result of the adoption and combination of a number of internationally accepted methods for evaluating the effectiveness of the management of conservation, such as ‘Guidebook of Natural and Social Indicators for Evaluating Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness’, ‘Score Card to Assess Progress in Achieving Management Effectiveness Goals for Marine Protected Areas’, ‘Guide for Improving Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness in Indonesia’, and others.

This manual contains the procedures or guidelines for evaluating the effectiveness of the sustainable management of marine conservation areas. This manual is expected to be used by policy makers as an instrument for evaluating the performance of marine, coast and small islands conservation areas in Indonesia, and as a tool for establishing development priorities for the effective management of these areas. At the macro level, the guidelines are intended for use by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to evaluate the effectiveness of the management of marine conservation areas across Indonesia. At the macro level, the guidelines can be used for self-evaluation of the effectiveness of management of a particular marine conservation area, and for making plans to improve management performance.

The guidelines divide effective management of an aquatic, coasts and small islands conservation area into five levels. Starting from the lowest level of management, these are: Level 1 (red), Level 2 (yellow), Level 3 (green), Level 4 (blue) and Level 5 (gold). These levels are determined by 17 (seventeen) criteria, which are elucidated in 74 (seventy-four) questions.

These parameters are used in the process of evaluating effectiveness to assess the status of the area’s reserves, institutions, management and zoning plans, and infrastructure. The scope of the evaluation covers management, conservation/resources, and socio-economic-cultural aspects that are relevant to conservation area management.

Preparation of these guidelines went through a process of discussions and workshops, which involved stakeholders to get their input and feedback. Trials were also conducted in selected locations, such as Pesisir Selatan District, Batang District, and all National Marine Conservation Areas. During these processes, a great deal of input was gathered and revisions were made to create the guidelines that can now be used as the manual for evaluating management effectiveness. On 9 October 2012, the Director General of Marine, Coasts and Small Islands signed Decree Number Kep.44/KP3K/2012 which ratified the issue of these guidelines. Accompanying software is now being developed to facilitate actual evaluations in the field. This software is expected to be operational in the near future.

In follow up to the preparation of this manual, in 2013 the Directorate for Conservation of Area and Fish Species will perform evaluations of the effectiveness of the management of all aquatic, coasts and small islands conservation areas in Indonesia using this instrument. The conservation area deemed to have the most effective management will be rewarded with a KKP Award. The activities planned for this year’s agenda should motivate the managers of these conservation areas to continue to work hard to create conservation areas that are effectively and sustainably managed. As well as the KKP Award, another key output of these activities is the recommended management priorities for the all conservation areas that have been evaluated.

We would like to thank everyone for their contribution to the preparation of this manual, in particular the partner NGOs in the Marine Protected Areas Governance (MPAG) consortium for their hard work. We welcome constructive feedback and input to improve these guidelines, and hope that this manual will contribute to the effective and sustainable management of conservation areas in Indonesia


E-KKP3K Book (Bahasa Indonesia)

E-KKP3K Book (Bahasa Inggris)



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