Coral Triangle Day: NGO and Marine Protected Area Collaboration

Coral reefs are marine biological resources that play a very important role in maintaining the stability of the ecosystem, in particular for the oceans, but also more broadly for the earth's ecosystem as a whole. One area with a large expanse of coral and that is still in relatively good condition is the Coral Triangle, which covers an area of 6 million hectares. The Coral Triangle contains more than 500 species of coral and 3,000 species of coral fish, as well as a variety of other globally important fish species. It is spread across six countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, and Timor Leste. These nations cooperate under the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI).

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In 2012 the Quota for Catching Napoleon Fishes in Indonesia Has been Decreased to 2000 fishes

Napoleon Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) is a huge coral fish, a member of Labridae family, with a size that could reach 2 m and weighing 190 kg. This fish has a hermaprodite protogini reproduction pattern and is scattered in the Pacific Indian ocean (Sadovy et al., 2003). Napoleon fish is a species of coral fish which have attracted the divers in enjoying the under water tour. However, according to Sadovy et. al (2007), due to excessive fishing for commercial purpose, live coral fish, napoleon fish are vulnerable to extinction. Napoleon fish is usually caught using cyanida and it is damaging the coral reef ecosystem. The drastic reduction of those fishes in various areas is the reason why napoleon fish be included in the list of CITES appendix II in 2004.

The species included in Appendix II are regulated as such that it can only be benefited using the principle of Non Detrimental Findings (NDF) in accordance with the content of Article IV CITES. The NDF principle is meant to secure that the international trade conducted is not going to damage the species population in the nature. NDF is translated into a form of catch quota system and export quota as well as the regulating for its circulation, protection and conservation of those species. In addition, specifically for Napoleon species, export is only allowed to be transported by air via Soekarno-Hatta International airport, Jakarta and International airport Ngurah Rai – Bali, and only live fishes are allowed. The size allowed for export is the size 1 – 3 kg (Regulation of the Directorate General of Fisheries Number HK.330/Dj.8259/95).

Tabel 1. Kuota perdagangan ikan Napoleon menurut tahun

No

Tahun

Quota

Realisasi

Sisa

1

2005

8.000

5.320

2.680

2

2006

8.000

5.970

2.030

3

2007

8.000

6.228

1.772

4

2008

7.200

3.809

3.391

5

2009

8.000

4.220

3.780

6

2010

5.400

3.810

1.590

7

2011

3.600

970

2.630

Sumber:Direktorat Konservasi Keanekaragaman Hayati Kementerian Kehutanan

In 2012, the Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI) as the authority for science has recommended to catch 2000 Napoleon fishes which is a decline compared to the previous year that reached 3600 fishes. The decline in the quota for fishing is to improve the management by forcing export by air as there are many sources saying that there have been illegal trading of Napoleon Wrasse fishes in large quantity by sea which is still going on until now. The decline in this catch quota is also related to the scientific recommendation of LIPI to the Authority for the Management of Fish Resources Conservation (Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheres (KemenKP)) to fully protect Napoleon fishes for 10 years. The draft of the Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries regarding the Stipulation of Full protection of Napoleon fish currently is being formulated by the Directorate for Area Conservation and Fish Species.

With the declining catch quota of Napoleon fishes, it is expected that there will be an improvement in the management system and increased Napoleon fish population in its habitat, so that Napolen fish resources can be maintained and become sustainable. (PBS)

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Permentan Tentang Larangan Perdagangan Ikan Napoleon Perlu Segera Direvisi Workshop Perlindungan Ikan Napoleon

Ikan Napoleon Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) merupakan ikan karang berukuran besar anggota dari familia Labridae, dengan ukuran bisa mencapai 2 m dan berat 190 kg. Ikan ini mempunyai pola reproduksi hermaprodite protogini dengan sebaran di wilayah perairan india-pasifik. Ikan napoleon merupakan jenis ikan karang yang mempunyai daya tarik menarik bagi para penyelam untuk menikmati wisata alam bawah laut. Namun akibat dampak penangkapan berlebih untuk perdagangan ikan karang hidup, ikan napoleon mengalami penurunan populasinya di alam. Penangkapan ikan napoleon umumnya menggunakan racun sianida dan merusak ekosistem terumbu karang.

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Saving the Gili Matra Marine Area

The Tanjung tourist area and the Gili Matra (Meno, Trawangan and Air) conservation area are famous for their beautiful beaches and underwater scenery. Tourists from all over the world are keen to witness this natural beauty for themselves. "It is for this reason that we have an interest in conserving the region," said the Regent of North Lombok (KLU) H. Djohan Sjamsu at an event held yesterday to officially open the Gili Matra Water Recreation Park (TWP) Management Office in Bangsal, Pemenang District.

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Banggai Cardinal Fish (Peterapogon keuderni) Akan Dilindungi Secara Terbatas

Selain meyimpan potensi keindahan alam bawah laut yang sangat mempesona, Sulawesi tengah khususnya wilayah Banggai Kepulauan menyimpan salah satu kekayaan dunia yang sangat langka, yakni adanya spesies ikan hias berbentuk pipih dengan warna belang hitam-kuning dan ekornya terbelah dua seperti Burung Walet, spesies ini tidak terdapat di daerah lain di bumi ini selain terdapat Banggai yaitu "Banggai Cardinal Fish" atau juga dikenal dengan nama lokal ikan Capungan Banggai (Pterapogon keuderni).

Ikan Capungan Banggai (Pterapogon kauderni) merupakan jenis ikan hias air laut Endemik Indonesia yang hanya ditemukan di perairan Sulawesi dengan populasi terbesar di perairan Banggai Kepulauan.Ikan Capungan Banggai merupakan salah satu potensi ekonomi yang harus dikelola dengan baik, sehingga dapat memberikan manfaat secara berkelanjutan bagi masyarakat di masa sekarang dan masa yang akan datang. Saat ini penangkapan ikan Capungan Banggai merupakan salah satu sumber pendapatan bagi masyarakat yang bermukim di Banggai Kepulauan.

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Direktorat Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut

Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Ruang Laut

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

________________________________________________________________

 

Gedung Mina Bahari III, Lantai 10

Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur, Nomor 16

Jakarta 10110, Kotak Pos 4130

Telepon : (021) 3522045, Ext. 6104,

Faksimile : (021) 3522045

Email : info.kkji@gmail.com