Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Issue Napoleon Fish Limited Protection

kepmen napoleonNapoleon Wrasse fish (Cheilinus undulatus) is a large reef fish and a member of Labridae familia, with size that can reach 2 m and weighs 190 kg. This fish has a hermaphrodyte protogini reproductive pattern with distribution in the territorial waters of India-pacific (Sadovy et al., 2003). Napoleon fish is a fish species of coral that attracts divers to enjoy underwater world tourism. Unfortunately, however, Sadovy et al (2007) revealed that due to overfishing and live reef fish trade, napoleon fish are susceptible to extinction. Napoleon fish are usually captured using cyanide and other practices that destroy coral reef ecosystems. Drastic reduction in various places puts napoleon fish on the list of CITES Appendix II in 2004.

But long before, considering habitat destruction caused by destructive fishing, the government has issued Minister of Agriculture decree no. 375/Kpts/IK.250/95 on the Prohibition of Napoleon Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) Fishing and the Directorate General of Fisheries Decree No. HK.330 / Dj.8259/95 about the size, location and procedure for Napoleon Wrasse fishing. At the time of the decree issuance, the said Directorate General was still under the Ministry of Agriculture. In the course of time, these regulations were then considered obsolete although they have not yet been officially repealed. This happened because their umbrella law (Law no. 9/1985) was no longer effective, and their associated institution (DG Fisheries) no longer existed. So there is a need for a review of those regulations supported by the need for a review of those regulations that are supported by scientific review and can be accounted for in order to suppress the IUU cases which flourished in such gray area.


Recent initiative is the enforcement of Regulation of the Minister of Marine and Fisheries, No. PER.03/MEN/2010, concerning procedures for determining the status of fish species protection. This provision is expected to be the entry point to the protection of endangered fish, such as the Napoleon Wrasse, and also serves as guidelines in further decision making.

The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries issued a Ministerial Decree No.37 Year 2013 on the Status Determination of Napoleon Fish (Cheilinus undulatus) Limited Protection in order to review the Decree of Minister of Agriculture number 375/Kpts/IK.250/5/95. This Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries decree stipulates that napoleon fish with size of 100 grams - 1000 grams and over 3000 grams are not to be caught. This arrangement accommodates both economic and conservation interests, where most of export market demands that particular size, while from the perspective of conservation, a napoleon fish weighing 1000 grams is deemed to have spawned, thus providing the opportunity for Napoleon to breed. In addition, this arrangement also aims to increase the recruitment of juvenile napoleon from natural death in their very own habitat through the efforts of cultivation in cages.

The preparation of this Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries decree has undergone some stages as regulated in Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries decree No. 03 of 2010, namely the initiative, proposal verification, policy analysis, and scientific recommendations come from LIPI prior to the determination by the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries.

Post Determination

After the issuance of Decree No. 37 of 2013, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries will conduct some socialization to communities who do not really understand the matters pertaining to the protection status napoleon fish today. Besides that, Napoleon Fish Management Plan document needs to be developed and agreed immediately after the enactment of napoleon fish limited protection status.

With the issuance of Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries on Napoleon Fish Limited Protection, the field monitoring activities later will be carried out by the Fisheries Supervisors and other oversight regulatory authorities. One thing is for sure, oversight of napoleon fish utilization activities has become one of the main tasks of fisheries oversight authorities. Given the number and capacity of the existing supervisors today, monitoring activities is believed to run well. Fish quarantine officials go hand in hand in a mutually synergistic fashion with supervisory authorities in the field because they are both under the command of the Minister of Marine and Fisheries.

Download KP Decree No. 37 of 2013 on the Protection of Napoleon



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