Supporting MPA Effective Management, MMAF Targets 2,400 Professionals

SKKK jakartaMarine Protected Areas (MPA) in Indonesia has now reached 16 million hectares, spread over 76 districts / cities. This achievement reinforces commitment to manage the sustainable development of marine protected areas that are effectively managed Indonesia covering an area of 20 million hectares by 2020, as declared by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) responded this declaration by targeting 2,400 professional workforce who will manage 76 marine protected areas in Indonesia in 2014. To meet the needs of the professional workforce, MMAF issues Specific Competency Standards for Work (SK3) for MPA Managers. The Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Sharif C. Sutardjo launched this SK3 in Jakarta today, Wednesday (3/7). SK3 has been regulated by a Decree No. 9/Permen-KP/2013. This competency standard is clearly a breakthrough in an effort to effectively MPAs in Indonesia.

Effective management has always been the toughest challenge to the ever increasing size of MPA. A tool to measure the effectiveness MPA management called E-KKP3K has been approved through the Decision of the Director General KP3K Kep.44/KP3K/2012 and was officially launched by the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries in the National Workshop on Marine, Coastal and Small Islands Conservation in Jakarta (25/06/2013). E-KKP3K is both a tool to measure the effectiveness of MPA Management as well as a guide to achieve effective management of MPA. An important component to MPA effectiveness is the availability of competent human resources, so as to guard the conservation programs based on management plans and zoning, involving relevant stakeholders, and also the implementation of a comprehensive operational management including sustainable financing component.

In the aspect of human resources, in close cooperation with DG KP3K, BPSDMKP prepare competent MPA Managers. We formed a working group of marine conservation human resource development resulting in 14 competency standards for conservation management of marine, coastal and small islands conservation. The working group is a collaboration between internal ministry with NGOs and universities.

Sharif explained, the efforts to improve the competence of the Human Resources (HR) in the field of Maritne Affairs and Fisheries is very important in order to achieve national food security through Blue Economy - industrialization. Whereas SK3 is an instrument to create jobs for professionals in the world of marine and fisheries. "Every professional workforce will be an attraction for about 10 other professionals, such as managers of business tourism, mariculture, artists, creative industries, community education, sea safety officer, marine contractor, transportation services, recreational fishing, taxonomist, maritime social scientist, and so on, "he said.

Sharif also reiterated that this is the first time for the strengthening of human resources and marine fisheries policy, equipped with more obvious infrastructure. It is characterized by the SK3, Human Resource Development Strategic Plan, the SK3 Committee, Map of Competence, Professional Certification Institute, Working Group on Marine Affairs and Fisheries Capacity Development Working Group, Training Modules, Trainers, Campus School for Marine Conservation Wakatobi, Graduate Studies program and Training Infrastructure which gives a role to the community to share knowledge, skills and experience. "The development of human resources policies and infrastructure are designed to create more professional jobs to be done by people who are competent and responsible with insight into the sustainability of marine resources and fisheries," added Sharif.

SK3 documents was launched in a ceremony by the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to Ambassadors, representatives of local government, and District MPA practitioners. "Today's event may be an impetus for a number of concrete actions to build synergies between MMAF and business community and other stakeholders to improve the welfare of marine and fisheries communities," said Sharif. The launched SK3 specifically on MPA Management Planning whose main indicator consists of skills that include knowledge, skills and work attitude that must be owned by every professional who is responsible and / or those involved in facilitating the management planning process, either directly or indirectly. "With the SK3, one of the purposes of establishment of MPA, i.e. for the welfare of society, can be realized through the creation of jobs for the people who are responsible and competent in the management of MPA," said Sharif.

On the same occasion, the Head of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Human Resources Development (BPSDM-KP) Suseso Sukoyono added, SK3 launch will be followed by the development of staffing instrument, such as personnel requirements, details of functional tasks, employee training, and certification competence. A number of new policies and infrastructure above is the fruit of a positive interaction of MMAF, especially BPSDM-KP and the Directorate General of Marine, Coastal and Small Islands Affairs (DG KP3K), together with a number of partners, consisting Non Governmental Organizations (NGO) and those who are concerned with human resource development. "This productive interaction also received support from various parties, including the United States Government through USAID programs-Marine Protected Areas Governance and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration," he said.

BPSDM-KP also launched the International Partnership website. This website presents information that fostered cooperation between BPSDM-KP and various parties in the neighboring countries and the NGOs as well as International Financial Institutions. This website is a jointly developed by BPSDM-KP and Coral Triangle Center (CTC). The launch of SK3 event was followed by a Training Cooperation Workshop attended by various stakeholders who have a role in advancing Marine and Fisheries Human Resources. "This workshop expects to see support to the creation of new employment opportunities in the marine and fisheries sector and cooperation with state-owned companies through the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in their respective institutions," Sharif said.

To achieve effective management, the government cannot work alone; co-management or collaborative management of MPA is necessary, although in practice it is not a simple thing. It needs the commitment and cooperation of all parties to make it happen. Management of MPA should be carried out in accordance with the authority, through participatory community participation to increase their welfare. Hopefully, the embodiment of collaborative management of MPA can effectively support sustainable fisheries for the well-being of society (Sji)




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