Workshop on Collaborative Management of MPA

lokakarya co-mgtBogor – IPB-ICC (5-2-2013). Government Regulation No. 60 of 2007 regarding Fisheries Resource Conservation mandates formulation of ministerial regulations on partnerships in Marine Protected Areas (MPA) management. The Directorate of Conservation for Areas and Fish Species (Dit. KKJI) cooperating with partners initiates to have inputs and opinions related substance of ministerial regulations on such partnerships through a workshop. This one-day workshop was held jointly by Dit. KKJI, Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies of the Bogor Agricultural University (PKSPL-IPB) and Marine Protected Areas Governance (MPAG) program.

This workshop, held on 5 February 2013, took place in IPB International Conventional Center and involved various representatives of main stakeholders, namely: the representatives of MPA management authorities, such as Kupang’s Agency for National Marine Protected Areas (BKKPN Kupang) and Pekanbaru’s Agency for National Marine Protected Areas (LKKPN Pekanbaru); the representatives of District MPAs, such as Nusa Penida MPA and Batang MPA; the practitioners of protected areas management, including NGOs, who have long experience in supporting protected areas management in Indonesia. The academicians attended the workshop gave scientific inputs, including academic studies related to collaborative management models in several places.

The objectives of this workshop include:

  • To build and agree on the framework of collaborative management model, which at least covers: (a) the basic principles of collaborative management, (b) distribution of the roles of stakeholders, and (c) the governance (the work operation and mechanism) of the management itself. It is expected that this framework can be used as a reference for the development of collaborative management models in sites.
  • To devise a series of inputs useful for the preparation process of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Regulation as an elaboration of a term of partnership set forth in Government Regulation (PP) No. 60 of 2007.

The opening of the workshop was preceded with a welcome speech from the Head of PKSPL-IPB, Prof. Tridoyo Kusumastanto who stressed the importance of sustainable development achievement, which eventually would lead to a balance between the fulfillment of public needs and environment preservation. A lot of studies have proved that an effective MPA management may support sustainable development achievement. MPA is there not only to protect the ecosystem, but it also considerably benefits the communities from fisheries and marine ecotourism it offers.

Subsequent to the welcome speech, the event was officially opened by the Director of KKJI, Dr. Toni Ruchimat, who also gave a presentation on MPA development progress and its possible management challenges in the future. In his presentation the Director of KKJI mentioned that Indonesia currently had owned more than 15.7 hectares of MPA, which will continuously expand along with the effort to achieve the government's commitment to reach 20 million hectares by 2020. However, this target of MPA size should be supported with efforts toward effective management in the hope that MPA can provide optimum benefit to local people, particularly in increasing their living standard. Within such large of MPA size, collaborative management or partnership management is a must. In addition to this, Government Regulation (PP) No. 60 of 2007 Article 18 Paragraph 1 mandates that the central government and local governments in conformity to their authority in management of marine protected areas as set forth in Article 15 Paragraph 1 may engage communities through partnerships between the managing organization units and the community groups and/or indigenous people, non-government organizations, corporations, research institutions and universities. Moreover, in the elucidation of the Government Regulation, it is stated that partnerships are collaborative effort between two parties or more which is based on equality, openness and mutual benefit relationship.

Next, the workshop was facilitated by Dr. Luky Adrianto, a PKSPL-IPB's executive secretary. Dr. Luky presented an introduction to a discussion on partnership concepts; whereas some questions were divided into two sessions. The approach used was in the form of Focus Group discussion (FGD) with an illustration such as follows:

 

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Figure 1. The FGD Approach for the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas

The questions of the first session consisted of 3 (three) questions, namely:

  1. What are the principles and criteria of the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas?
  2. What is the mechanism and approach of the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas?
  3. What are the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder in the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas?                

Whereas in the second session, which was continued after lunch, three questions were also raised, namely:

  1. What are the key factors that determine the success of the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas?
  2. What is the process and mechanism to involve the government into the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas?
  3. What is the process and mechanism to involve the people into the Collaborative Management for Marine Protected Areas?

Besides attempting to answer the above questions, the discussion was also focused on some matters related to role sharing, responsibility sharing and authority sharing in the management of MPAs. Roles for the management of MPAs are also expected to come from the legislative and judicative institutions. The participants agreed to be more intensive in disseminating this to the legislative and judicative institutions, specifically on such things as conservation definitions and conservation advantages from the aspects of: economy, breach to resource utilization, oversight and law enforcement related to the management of MPAs.

The results of the workshop will be followed up by preparing materials that may be used as inputs in drafting a ministerial regulation on MPA collaborative management. PKSPL-IPB will make a synthesis of the workshop results and later share it to all participants for their inputs. In addition, in the near future there will be a small team commissioned to draft a ministerial regulation concerning this matter. (Source: Handoko Adi Susanto/MPAG)

lokakarya co-mgt

 

The results of the workshop will be followed up by preparing materials that may be used as inputs in drafting a ministerial regulation on MPA collaborative management. PKSPL-IPB will make a synthesis of the workshop results and later share it to all participants for their inputs. In addition, in the near future there will be a small team commissioned to draft a ministerial regulation concerning this matter. (Handoko Adi Susanto/MPAG)

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